Since the M & eacute; tiers d’Art Les Masques mask series launched in 2007 in cooperation with the Barbier-Mueller Museum, to the later M & eacute; tiers d’Art Chagall & L’Op & eacute; ra de The Paris series and the M & eacute; tiers d’Art La Symbolique des Laques series, the Vacheron Constantin master series show a variety of ancient arts and crafts through watches, each of which is truly impressive. At the 2012 Geneva watch fair SIHH, Vacheron Constantin launched the M & eacute; tiers d’Art Les Univers Infinis series watch, adding a new member to the art master series.
The dial design with multiple repetitive patterns in a flat pavé checkerboard style is inspired by the work of Dutch painter Escher. The M & eacute; tiers d’Art Les Univers Infinis series watches incorporate many of Vacheron Constantin’s watchmaking techniques: enamel, gem setting, carving and machine-engraved decoration. The dial design highlights the dazzling charm of geometric figures, which is profound and dynamic, showing an infinite arrangement of different spaces. Vacheron Constantin is extremely meticulous in coloring. The various colors are perfectly matched and coexist harmoniously. Even though the topics are crisscrossed with each other, they complement each other. The overall production is outstanding and resonating, and the dial is reveled by the re-interpreted flat-panel checkerboard mosaic technique.
All three new models use the 2460 self-winding movement engraved with the Geneva Seal. This movement is developed and manufactured by Vacheron Constantin, with reliable performance, and is carefully polished in strict accordance with the traditional handicrafts of Geneva. Through the sapphire crystal case back, polished chamfers, hand-drawn side motifs, circular-grained main boards, plywood decorated with Geneva ripples and elegant machine-engraved decorative pendulums are all in front of you.
Dove watch: engraving, enamel filling, machine-engraved pattern and gem setting
Inspired by Escher’s paintings, the pigeon watch incorporates the brand’s renowned fine watchmaking craftsmanship, presenting a flying pigeon on the dial. Engraving, high-temperature open flame painted enamel, gem setting and machine-engraved patterns are intertwined, creating a brilliant effect like a checkerboard.
The white gold case is paired with an elongated bezel, and the beautiful pattern on the dial is displayed in a layered and flexible manner through clever inlaying processes, and is decorated with elegant hollow hands. The case is a masterpiece of art, thanks to the hands of four master craftsmen from Vacheron Constantin.
The master of engraving first outlined the outline of the pigeon on the base of the gold dial, that is, before the master of enamel filled the picture, he first carved the pattern. This meticulous process requires extremely high accuracy, because the repetitive symmetry of the pattern cannot tolerate a slight error.
Next comes the play of the enamel master. The use of various oxides to modulate different colors, causing subtle differences and combinations of various colors to alternate with each other. The regulation and harmony of colors depends on the choice of the enamel master. These colors immediately show a bright purple after firing at high temperature. Finally, the master of enamel applied a layer of translucent enamel on the purple dove pattern, and the work was completed. For white pigeons, the enamel master chose milky white enamel to highlight the carved pattern and create a deep sense.
After the enamel process is complete, the master of inlay will set a gemstone for one of the pigeons to make it dazzling. The luster and purity of the diamond should highlight the graceful posture of the pigeon when flying, and attract people to meditate on the dazzling light emitted by the pigeon.
Finally, the master of engraving pattern finishes the whole decoration process, deepening the deep sense of the dial. The machine-engraved pattern process is extremely difficult, and it is extremely rare that the machine-engraved pattern decoration is completed after the enamel process is completed. A little carelessness may cause previous efforts to be turned into ashes. Machine engraving masters spend a lot of time patiently carving to create lifelike pigeons.
Fish watch: the result of machine-engraved pattern decoration and filigree enamel technology
The shades of blue and gray are mixed together to create a scene of fish swimming together. This M & eacute; tiers d’Art Les Univers Infinis watch combines machine-engraved patterns and filigree enamel techniques, inspired by a painting by Escher.
The fish pattern is engraved on the base of the platinum dial, and then the eyes of the fish are carefully carved. Next, the master of machine-engraved patterning carefully carved and carved a symmetrical pattern with a length of only 0.1 millimeters. It is not difficult to glimpse his ingenious skills and passion for art sensitivity. The parallel curve outlines the head, tail and fins, while the body is covered with dazzling scales.
Finally, the enamel master used thin gold wires to distinguish different enamel colors and outline the outline of the pattern. This process is called filigree enamel. Finally, each fish is filled with enamel and fired in a high temperature oven. Usually, the artisans repeat this step many times in order to deepen the color. After the last firing is completed, a sanding and polishing process is performed to make the dividing line and the enamel filling area flush, and then glazing, that is, a layer of varnish, so that the dial can emit a dazzling light.
Shell watch: the perfect combination of engraving and enamel filling
Shells and starfish are scattered on the charming pale ochre sea floor, and the slender and light hollow hands pass gently over it. Starfish and shells cascading and dancing lightly, showing different details according to different angles of light. The dial of this M & eacute; tiers d’Art Les Univers Infinis series watch is carved and filled with enamel technology, and its design is inspired by the work of painter Escher.
First, the sculptor used a copper engraving needle to outline the shape of the shell on the dial, and then dug or carved a groove in the corresponding area, but retained the contour of the shell to create the relief effect by infilling.
Next, the enamel master will fill the groove with enamel before firing repeatedly at a high temperature of 800 & deg; to 850 & deg; C. The firing cycle needs to be repeated several times, and finally polished and glazed. The sculptor finally carved the shape of a starfish on the dial. The process of filling enamel is inseparable from the sincere cooperation between the master of engraving and the master of enamel. The final result depends on the tacit understanding of the two. A small amount of mismatch will endanger the final result, resulting in a loss of success.
Plane Pavement Checkerboard Mosaic: The Way to Control Space
Plane inlay checkerboard inlay technique has a long history, has been developed by many civilizations, and is deeply influenced by oriental culture. Its English name, tessellation, is derived from the Latin tessela, which means paving stones or bricks, and the plane paved checkerboard inlay refers to filling the entire drawing area with the same small squares, leaving no trace of void in the middle and stacking the entire pattern. . From 700 AD to 1500 AD, because Islam banned people from painting people or other real objects, it was Moors who really made the plane paved checkerboard inlay process into the art temple. Throughout the long history of mankind, such graphics can be found in other materials such as pottery, tapestries, cushions, wood carvings and colored glass carvings.
The art of flat-panel checkerboard mosaic has also attracted the interest of many scientists. In their opinion, this technique is an artistic expression of mathematical spirit and logical thinking. These scholars include Archimedes, a well-known Greek scientist in the 1st century BC, who has studied geometric arrangements, as well as astronomer Johannes Kepler, in his book Harmonice Mundi In the figure, he gave some flat mosaic checkerboard mosaics made of polygons. The most famous of contemporary fans is Escher, and the formation of many abstract mathematical concepts was inspired by his paintings.
Moritz & middot; Cornelis & middot; Escher: The Art of Geometry
Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972), a Dutch painter and sculptor, his works of art fully reflect the clever use of architecture, perspective, and space aesthetics. As a top master of visual arts, Escher has enviable expression and imagination. He is skilled in using visual senses and rationality to create new pictures and things that can only exist on the plane but have a great sense of space.
During a tour of Spain, Escher saw many paved flat checkerboard inlays on the tiles of Moorish buildings such as the Alhambra and Cordoba Mosque in Grenada The pattern has since fallen in love with this ancient art. From these mosaics and their symmetrical designs, you can understand how the plane division and pattern filling can be tight without leaving gaps. Inspired by this method, Escher interprets, depicts and comprehensively categorizes various patterns in his works. His empirical research has inspired and influenced many scientists, especially crystallographers and physicists. Escher’s work exudes a strong atmosphere of mathematics, wandering on the edge of art and science. For Escher, the use of image design instead of abstract geometric shapes for composition, constantly searching for this possibility, has become his lifelong aspiration and inexhaustible source of inspiration.